Vascular chronic diseases represent one of the leading causes of end-stage renal disease in incident dialysis patients. B-Mode ultrasound (US) and color Doppler (CD) have a high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of vascular chronic diseases. US and CD should be used to identify subjects in the high risk population who are affected by main renal artery stenosis (RAS) and to identify and characterize patients without RAS who have chronic ischemic nephropathy caused by nephroangiosclerosis and/or atheroembolic disease. The most important CD parameters in the work-up of suspected RAS are increased peak systolic velocity and diastolic velocity, spectral broadening, high renal:aortic ratio and lateralization of renal resistive indexes (RIs). In the absence of direct or indirect signs of RAS, increases in intraparenchymal RIs, associated with systemic atherosclerotic disease, are indicative of microcirculation damage related to nephroangiosclerosis or atheroembolic disease.
|Titolo:||Clinical Scenarios in Chronic Kidney Disease: Vascular Chronic Diseases|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|