The ability to perceive oxygen levels is crucial to many organisms because it allows discerning environments compatible with aerobic or anaerobic metabolism, as well as enabling rapid switch between these two energy strategies. Organisms from different taxa dedicate distinct mechanisms to associate oxygen fluctuations with biological responses. Following from this observation, we speculated that orthogonal oxygen sensing devices can be created by transfer of essential modules from one species to another in which they are not conserved. We expressed plant cysteine oxidase (PCOs) enzymes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, to confer oxygen-conditional degradability to a bioluminescent protein tagged with the Cys-exposing N-degron typical of plant ERF-VII factors. Co-translation of a second luciferase protein, not subjected to oxygen-dependent proteolysis, made the resulting Double Luciferase Oxygen Reporter (DLOR) ratiometric. We show that DLOR acts as a proxy for oxygen dynamics in yeast cultures. Moreover, since DLOR activity was enabled by the PCO sensors, we employed this device to disclose some of their properties, such as the dispensability of nitric oxide for N-terminal cysteine oxidation and the individual performance of Arabidopsis PCO isoforms in vivo. In the future, we propose the synthetic DLOR device as a convenient, eukaryotic cell-based tool to easily screen substrates and inhibitors of cysteine oxidase enzymes in vivo. Replacement of the luminescent proteins with fluorescent proteins will further turn our system into a visual reporter for oxygen dynamics in living cells.
|Titolo:||A Ratiometric Sensor Based on Plant N-Terminal Degrons Able to Report Oxygen Dynamics in Saccharomyces cerevisiae|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|