Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS): the ethical and legal challenges of having robots apply international humanitarian law Technological progress in the eld of Arti cial Intelligence (AI) led to the development of Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS). Due to their ability to conduct an entire military operation without the technical need for human control, the possible deployment of such systems in armed con ict scenarios raises relevant ethical issues and legal questions. After brie y pointing out the main arguments in favor of and contrary to the use of AWS, we will argue that, for different reasons, both knowledge-based and machine-learning systems are intrinsically unable to respect international humanitarian law in as far as its norms have been construed in order to be applied by subjects endowed with human faculties, which we think can be well identi ed by looking at the theory of human judge- ment developed by Hannah Arendt. Also, from an international criminal law perspective, their deployment is at odds with the concepts of responsibility and criminal liability and could thus lead to a lack of accountability for military action.
|Titolo:||Deliberazione, giudizio e responsabilità nell'epoca degli Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS): sulle sfide etiche e giuridiche poste dalla sostituzione di soldati umani con sistemi robotici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|