Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) affects the inner ear compartment and can be caused by different factors. Usually, the lack, death, or malfunction of sensory cells deputed to transduction of mechanic-into-electric signals leads to SNHL. To date, the therapeutic option for patients impaired by severe or profound SNHL is the cochlear implant (CI), a high-tech electronic device replacing the entire cochlear function. Piezoelectric materials have catalyzed attention to stimulate the auditory neurons by simply mimicking the function of the cochlear sensory epithelium. In this study, the authors investigated lithium niobate (LiNbO3) as a potential candidate material for next generation CIs. LiNbO3 nanoparticles resulted otocompatible with inner ear cells in vitro, had a pronounced immunomodulatory activity, enhanced human beta-defensin in epithelial cells, and showed direct antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa. Moreover, LiNbO3 nanoparticles were incorporated into poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoro ethylene) fibers via electrospinning, which enhanced the piezoelectric response. Finally, the resulting fibrous composite structures support human neural-like cell growth in vitro, thus showing promising features to be used in new inner ear devices.
|Titolo:||Lithium niobate nanoparticles as biofunctional interface material for inner ear devices|
Danti, Serena (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|