The measurement of cardiac troponin (cTn) is recommended by all guidelines as the gold standard for the differential diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndromes. The aim of this review is to discuss in details some key issues regarding both analytical and clinical characteristics of the high-sensitivity methods for cTn (hs-cTn), which are still considered controversial or unresolved. In particular, the major clinical concern regarding hs-cTn methods is the difficulty to differentiate the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for biomarker release from cardiomyocytes after reversible or irreversible injury, respectively. Indeed, recent experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that different circulating forms of cTnI and cTnT can be respectively measured in plasma samples of patients with reversible or irreversible myocardial injury. Accordingly, a new generation of hs-Tn methods should be set up, based on immunometric immunoassays or chromatographic techniques, specific for circulating peptide forms more characteristics for reversible or irreversible myocardial injury. It is conceivable that this new generation of hs-cTn methods will complete the mission regarding the laboratory tests for specific cardiac biomarkers, started more than 20 years ago, which has already revolutionized the diagnosis, prognosis and management of patients with cardiac diseases.

High-sensitivity methods for cardiac troponins: The mission is not over yet

Clerico Aldo;Passino Claudio;
2021

Abstract

The measurement of cardiac troponin (cTn) is recommended by all guidelines as the gold standard for the differential diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndromes. The aim of this review is to discuss in details some key issues regarding both analytical and clinical characteristics of the high-sensitivity methods for cTn (hs-cTn), which are still considered controversial or unresolved. In particular, the major clinical concern regarding hs-cTn methods is the difficulty to differentiate the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for biomarker release from cardiomyocytes after reversible or irreversible injury, respectively. Indeed, recent experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that different circulating forms of cTnI and cTnT can be respectively measured in plasma samples of patients with reversible or irreversible myocardial injury. Accordingly, a new generation of hs-Tn methods should be set up, based on immunometric immunoassays or chromatographic techniques, specific for circulating peptide forms more characteristics for reversible or irreversible myocardial injury. It is conceivable that this new generation of hs-cTn methods will complete the mission regarding the laboratory tests for specific cardiac biomarkers, started more than 20 years ago, which has already revolutionized the diagnosis, prognosis and management of patients with cardiac diseases.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11382/548391
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
social impact