Background: The prognostic role of moderate hyperkalemia in reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) patients is still controversial. Despite this, it affects the use of renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) with therapy down-titration or discontinuation. Objectives: Aim of the study was to assess the prognostic impact of moderate hyperkalemia in chronic HFrEF optimally treated patients. Methods and results: We retrospectively analyzed MECKI (Metabolic Exercise test data combined with Cardiac and Kidney Indexes) database, with median follow-up of 4.2 [IQR 1.9–7.5] years. Data on K+ levels were available in 7087 cases. Patients with K+ plasma level ≥ 5.6 mEq/L and < 4 mEq/L were excluded. Remaining patients were categorized into normal >4 and < 5 mEq/L (n = 4826, 68%) and moderately high ≥5.0 and ≤ 5.5 mEq/L (n = 496, 7%) K+. Then patients were matched by propensity score in 484 couplets of patients. MECKI score value was 7% [IQR 3.1–14.1%] and 7.3% [IQR 3.4–15%] (p = 0.678) in patients with normal and moderately high K+ values while cardiovascular mortality events at two years follow-up were 41 (4.2%) and 33 (3.4%) (p = 0.333) in each group respectively. Conclusions: Moderate hyperkalemia does not influence patients' outcome in a large cohort of ambulatory HFrEF patients.

Does moderate hyperkalemia influence survival in HF? Insights from the MECKI score data base

Emdin M.;Passino C.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: The prognostic role of moderate hyperkalemia in reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) patients is still controversial. Despite this, it affects the use of renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASi) with therapy down-titration or discontinuation. Objectives: Aim of the study was to assess the prognostic impact of moderate hyperkalemia in chronic HFrEF optimally treated patients. Methods and results: We retrospectively analyzed MECKI (Metabolic Exercise test data combined with Cardiac and Kidney Indexes) database, with median follow-up of 4.2 [IQR 1.9–7.5] years. Data on K+ levels were available in 7087 cases. Patients with K+ plasma level ≥ 5.6 mEq/L and < 4 mEq/L were excluded. Remaining patients were categorized into normal >4 and < 5 mEq/L (n = 4826, 68%) and moderately high ≥5.0 and ≤ 5.5 mEq/L (n = 496, 7%) K+. Then patients were matched by propensity score in 484 couplets of patients. MECKI score value was 7% [IQR 3.1–14.1%] and 7.3% [IQR 3.4–15%] (p = 0.678) in patients with normal and moderately high K+ values while cardiovascular mortality events at two years follow-up were 41 (4.2%) and 33 (3.4%) (p = 0.333) in each group respectively. Conclusions: Moderate hyperkalemia does not influence patients' outcome in a large cohort of ambulatory HFrEF patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11382/551034
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