Background: Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, different response measures were taken to contain the spread of the virus. These include a variety of non-pharmaceutical interventions and a mass vaccination campaign. While not definitive, epidemiological measures provide some indication of the impact of such measures on the dynamics of the pandemic and lessons to better prepare for future emergencies. Objective: To describe the impact of vaccine rollout and health policies on the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy from March 2020 to October 2021 using a set of epidemiological indicators. Methods: We performed a time-trend analysis of new confirmed COVID-19 cases, patients in hospital, and deaths. Using line charts, we informally assessed the relationship of these indicators with the immunization campaign and other health policies. Daily aggregate data were gathered from GitHub repositories of certified data from Italy's Government and Civil Protection. Results: The immunization coverage increased starting in March 2021, with a parallel decrease in COVID-19 infections, hospitalizations, and deaths. Despite different implementation approaches, the vaccine coverage growth rate had a similar pattern across regions. A comprehensive approach including measures such as requiring face masks and a "Green Pass" to enter indoor places also helped contain the pandemic. Conclusions: The vaccine rollout had a major effect on COVID-19 in Italy, especially on hospitalizations and deaths. Before the vaccine was available, however, other non-pharmaceutical interventions also helped to contain the spread of the virus and mitigate its effect on the population.

The impact of health policies and vaccine rollout on the COVID-19 pandemic waves in Italy

Reno, Chiara;Fantini, Maria Pia;Lenzi, Jacopo;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, different response measures were taken to contain the spread of the virus. These include a variety of non-pharmaceutical interventions and a mass vaccination campaign. While not definitive, epidemiological measures provide some indication of the impact of such measures on the dynamics of the pandemic and lessons to better prepare for future emergencies. Objective: To describe the impact of vaccine rollout and health policies on the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy from March 2020 to October 2021 using a set of epidemiological indicators. Methods: We performed a time-trend analysis of new confirmed COVID-19 cases, patients in hospital, and deaths. Using line charts, we informally assessed the relationship of these indicators with the immunization campaign and other health policies. Daily aggregate data were gathered from GitHub repositories of certified data from Italy's Government and Civil Protection. Results: The immunization coverage increased starting in March 2021, with a parallel decrease in COVID-19 infections, hospitalizations, and deaths. Despite different implementation approaches, the vaccine coverage growth rate had a similar pattern across regions. A comprehensive approach including measures such as requiring face masks and a "Green Pass" to enter indoor places also helped contain the pandemic. Conclusions: The vaccine rollout had a major effect on COVID-19 in Italy, especially on hospitalizations and deaths. Before the vaccine was available, however, other non-pharmaceutical interventions also helped to contain the spread of the virus and mitigate its effect on the population.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11382/555792
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