Antenatal cardiac intervention affords new prospects for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Its success, however, may come not only from absence of impediments to blood flow but also from a sufficiently developed cardiac wall. Here, we examined the feasibility to perfuse selectively the fetal coronary circulation for treatment with growth promoting agents. Pregnant sheep (94-114 days gestation, term 145 days) were used. An aortic stop-flow procedure was developed for intracoronary access in the nonexposed fetus and human mesenchymal stem cells and their exosomes served as test agents. We found that aortic stop-flow ensures preferential distribution of fluorescent microspheres to the heart. However, intracoronary administration of stem cells or exosomes was detrimental, with fetal demise occurring around surgery or at variable intervals afterwards. Coincidentally, stop-flow caused by itself a marked rise of intraluminal pressure within the occluded aorta along with histological signs of coronary obstruction. We conclude that it is feasible to perfuse selectively the coronary circulation of the preterm fetus, but treatments are not compatible with survival of the animals. The cause for failure is found in the absence of hemodynamic compensation to stop-flow via a left-to-right shunt. This unexpected event is attributed to a largely membranous foramen ovale, characteristic of sheep, that collapses under pressure.
|Titolo:||Selective perfusion of coronary vasculature in preterm sheep: A methodological innovation undermined by unfavourable operation of the foramen ovale|
COCEANI, Flavio (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|