We recently introduced the concept of a new human-machine interface (the myokinetic control interface) to control hand prostheses. The interface tracks muscle contractions via permanent magnets implanted in the muscles and magnetic field sensors hosted in the prosthetic socket. Previously we showed the feasibility of localizing several magnets in non-realistic workspaces. Here, aided by a 3D CAD model of the forearm, we computed the localization accuracy simulated for three different below-elbow amputation levels, following general guidelines identified in early work. To this aim we first identified the number of magnets that could fit and be tracked in a proximal (T1), middle (T2) and distal (T3) representative amputation, starting from 18, 20 and 23 eligible muscles, respectively. Then we ran a localization algorithm to estimate the poses of the magnets based on the sensor readings. A sensor selection strategy (from an initial grid of 840 sensors) was also implemented to optimize the computational cost of the localization process. Results showed that the localizer was able to accurately track up to 11 (T1), 13 (T2) and 19 (T3) magnetic markers (MMs) with an array of 154, 205 and 260 sensors, respectively. Localization errors lower than 7% the trajectory travelled by the magnets during muscle contraction were always achieved. This work not only answers the question: "how many magnets could be implanted in a forearm and successfully tracked with a the myokinetic control approach?", but also provides interesting insights for a wide range of bioengineering applications exploiting magnetic tracking.
|Titolo:||The Myokinetic Control Interface: How Many Magnets Can be Implanted in an Amputated Forearm? Evidence From a Simulated Environment|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|