In the present research, we explore the possibility of utilizing a hardware-based neuromorphic approach to develop a tactile sensory system at the level of first-order afferents, which are slowly adapting type 1 (SA-I) and fast adapting type 1 (FA-I) afferents. Four spiking models are used to mimic neural signals of both SA-I and FA-I primary afferents. Next, a digital circuit is designed for each spiking model for both afferents to be implemented on the field-programmable gate array (FPGA). The four different digital circuits are then compared from source utilization point of view to find the minimum cost circuit for creating a population of digital afferents. In this way, the firing responses of both SA-I and FA-I afferents are physically measured in hardware. Finally, a population of 243 afferents consisting of 90 SA-I and 153 FA-I digital neuromorphic circuits are implemented on the FPGA. The FPGA also receives nine inputs from the force sensors through an interfacing board. Therefore, the data of multiple inputs are processed by the spiking network of tactile afferents, simultaneously. Benefiting from parallel processing capabilities of FPGA, the proposed architecture offers a low-cost neuromorphic structure for tactile information processing. Applying machine learning algorithms on the artificial spiking patterns collected from FPGA, we successfully classified three different objects based on the firing rate paradigm. Consequently, the proposed neuromorphic system provides the opportunity for development of new tactile processing component for robotic and prosthetic applications.
|Titolo:||A Digital Hardware System for Spiking Network of Tactile Afferents|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su Rivista/Article|