This work focuses on a physical model of the human larynx that replicates its main components and functions. The prototype reproduces the multilayer vocal folds and the ab/adduction movements. In particular, the vocal folds prototype is made with soft materials whose mechanical properties have been obtained to be similar to the natural tissue in terms of viscoelasticity. A computational model was used to study fluid-structure interaction between vocal folds and the airflow. This tool allowed us to make a comparison between theoretical and experimental results. Measurements were performed with this prototype in an experimental platform comprising a controlled air flow, pressure sensors and a high-speed camera for measuring vocal fold vibrations. Data included oscillation frequency at the onset pressure and glottal width. Results show that the combination between vocal fold geometry, mechanical properties and dimensions exhibits an oscillation frequency close to that of the human vocal fold. Moreover, computational results show a high correlation with the experimental one.

A biorobotic model of the human larynx

MANTI, MARIANGELA;CIANCHETTI, Matteo;LASCHI, Cecilia
2015

Abstract

This work focuses on a physical model of the human larynx that replicates its main components and functions. The prototype reproduces the multilayer vocal folds and the ab/adduction movements. In particular, the vocal folds prototype is made with soft materials whose mechanical properties have been obtained to be similar to the natural tissue in terms of viscoelasticity. A computational model was used to study fluid-structure interaction between vocal folds and the airflow. This tool allowed us to make a comparison between theoretical and experimental results. Measurements were performed with this prototype in an experimental platform comprising a controlled air flow, pressure sensors and a high-speed camera for measuring vocal fold vibrations. Data included oscillation frequency at the onset pressure and glottal width. Results show that the combination between vocal fold geometry, mechanical properties and dimensions exhibits an oscillation frequency close to that of the human vocal fold. Moreover, computational results show a high correlation with the experimental one.
9781424492718
9781424492718
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11382/508590
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